Verbs in the Future: How to Conjugate in Spanish

There are several ways to express what we want to say, depending on the adjectives or the verbal forms we use, among other linguistic facets. In this article we will focus on the future tense of verbs in Spanish and the various forms to conjugate them to achieve the agreement between the subject and the nucleus of the predicate.

Several Uses for the Future Tense in Spanish

We always have to choose the verbal form we want keeping in mind the exact circumstance we try to communicate. You can pick between these options and their meaning in Spanish:

1. Suppositions, assumptions and predictions (regarding the present).

- Creo que seguirá en la oficina todavía = I think he will be still at the office.
- Seguramente irá con su hermana de vacaciones = She will surely go on holidays with her sister.

2. Suppositions and assumptions (regarding the future).

- No estaré aquí a las 18.00h = I won’t be here at 6 p.m.
- ¿Habrá suficiente comida para los invitados? = Will there be enough food for the guests?

3. Intention of performing a future action.

- La semana que viene iremos juntos a la playa = Next week we will go to the beach together.

4. To express a future action that is previous to another one.

- Marta se habrá ido al colegio cuando yo llegue de mi viaje = Marta will be gone to school when I arrive from my journey.

5. To express doubt about something that belongs to the recent past.

- Quizás habrá ido al baño = Maybe she has gone to the toilet.

Future Simple in Spanish

There are different ways of creating verbal forms in future tense. Here is an example of a regular basic verb in future simple tense (endings are underlined so yo can distinguish the root from the suffix):

Yo hablaré = I will talk
Tú hablarás
= You will talk
Él/ella hablará = He/she will talk
Nosotros/as hablaremos = We will talk
Vosotros/as hablaréis = You will talk
Ellos/as hablarán = They will talk

In the case of irregular verbs, terminations remain the same and the part that changes is the root of the word, for example:

Poner = to putYo pondré = I will put.
Hacer = to do, to make → Ellos harán = They will do, they will make
Poder = to be able → Yo podré = I will be able
Salir = to go out → Ella saldrá = She will go out
Tener = to have → Nosotros tendremos = We will have
Verter = to pour → Tú vertirás = You will pour
Caber = to fit → Él cabrá = He will fit
Querer = to want → Yo querré = I will want

Here is some additional information you can use to learn vocabulary and increase your knowledge on Spanish grammar.

Future Perfect in Spanish

When we use a compound verbal form in the future tense, we combine the auxiliary verb “haber” with the participle of the verb we want to use, like you will see in the following phrases in Spanish:

  • Yo habré aprendido todo lo que necesito saber cuando termine el curso = I will have learned all that I need to know when the course finishes.
  • Mis amigos habrán vivido una experiencia maravillosa = My friends will have lived a wonderful experience.
  • Para entonces mi padre lo habrá reparado = My father will have repaired it by then.
  • Emilia habrá entrado en la universidad para finales de septiembre = Emilia will have joined the university by the end of September.
  • ¿Quién habrá llegado al restaurante primero? = Who will have arrived at the restaurant first?

The participle is formed in two different ways, depending on the verb:

  • For verbs ending in “-ar”, like “andar” (to walk) → we take off the ending of the infinitive and change it for “-ado”, for example: “andado”.
  • For verbs ending in “-er” or “-ir”, like “aprender” (to learn) or “fingir” (to pretend) → we take off the ending of the infinitive and change it for “-ido”, for example: “aprendido” or “fingido”.

Some verbs have more than one acceptable participle, like the following ones. The first example represents the most common form in daily use:

  • Freír = to fryfrito, freído = fried.
  • Imprimir = to print → impreso, imprimido = printed.
  • Proveer = to provide → provisto, proveído = provided.

You might need some time to read carefully and understand everything. It will probably be much easier if you start practicing your newly acquired knowledge right away.

Another great way to secure these concepts is to study other related lessons from the Wlingua online classes, like several types of verbs and their use or some aspects of syntax and structure.