Useful Basic Grammar: Adverbs in Spanish Language

Adverbs are words that describe verbs, adjectives, another adverb or a sentence. They are usually used to indicate a time, place, manner or degree. In the Spanish language, adverbs are words that do not have a gender and number variation, that is, they do not have to match the gender and number with the subject, which is what happens with verbs, nouns, pronouns or adjectives.

In order to be able to perform a syntactic analysis in the Spanish language, we should be familiar with the types of words we will find in a sentence, in this article you can find some useful information about Spanish syntax.

Adverbios de Tiempo en Español – Adverbs that Indicate Time in the Spanish Language

This type of adverbs show the time when the action of the verb is performed.

In order to recognize this adverb, we can use as a tip the question “When is the action performed?”, or “¿Cuándo se realiza la acción?”

Debo ir a clase ahora. (I must go to class now)
¿Cuándo debes ir a clase? (When do you have to go to class)
Ahora (Now)

Here are some Spanish adverbs that indicate time:

Después – afterwards
Hoy – today
Mañana – tomorrow
Ayer – yesterday
Anoche – last night
Tarde – late (please notice that tarde is also a noun meaning afternoon, it is important not to take things for granted when analyzing a sentence)
Todavía – still
Aún – still
Jamás – never
Siempre – always
Nunca – never

Adverbios de Lugar en Español – Adverbs That Indicate a Location in Spanish Language

This type of adverbs show the place where the action is performed.

Here are some Spanish adverbs that indicat a location:

Aquí – here
Allí – there
Delante – forward
Dentro – inside
Encima – on (in English on is a preposition)
Fuera – out (in English out is a preposition)
Estamos aquí. – We are here.
El libro está encima de la mesa. - The book is on the table.
Todos los invitados están dentro. – The guests are inside.

 Adverbios de Modo en Español – Adverbs That Show Manner in Spanish Language

This type of adverbs describe the manner or how the action of the verb is being performed.

Bien – good
Mal – bad
Despacio – slowly
Rápidamente – quickly
Igual – In the same way
Así – like this, like that
Fácilmente – easily
Difícilmente – with difficulty
Apenas – hardly
Pronto – shortly
Os llamaremos pronto. – We will call you shortly.
Apenas se oía la música. – We could hardly hear the music.
Él conduce despacio. – He drives slowly.

Adverbios de Cantidad en Española – Adverbs That Show Degree in Spanish Language

This type of adverbs describe degree or quantity involved in the performance of the action.

Muy – very
Más – more
Poco – fairly, somewhat
Bastante – quite
Demasiado – too much
Menos – less
Mucho – much
Algo – some
Casi – almost, nearly
Nada – at all
Me gustó mucho la película. – I liked the movie very much.
Esta comida no me gusta nada. – I do not like this food at all.
¿Quieres tomar más vino? – Do you want some more wine?

Spanish words sí (yes) and no (no) are also adverbs, is an adverb of affirmation and no is an adverb of negation.

No creo que pueda venir mañana a tu conferencia. – I do not think I can come to your conference tomorrow.
Sí, creo que son muy buenas personas. – Yes, I think they are very good persons.

Adverbs With the Suffix -Mente

This type of adverbs are built by adding the suffix -mente to the feminine form of an adjective, when the adjective has gender inflection:

bueno (good, masculine singular), buena (feminine singular)

Adverbs That Show Manner

tranquilo (calm) – tranquilamente (calmly)
correcto (correct) – correctamente (correctly)
lento (slow) – lentamente (slowly)
obvio (obvious) – obviamente (obviously)

Caminaba tranquilamente a pesar de llegar media hora tarde. – He was walking slowly although he was half an hour late.
Sorprendentemente le gustaron todos los regalos. – Surprisingly she liked all the presents.

When adverbs are created with adjectives without gender inflection, it is by adding the suffix -mente to the adjective:

inteligente (intelligent) – inteligentemente (intelligently)
ágil (quick) – ágilmente (quickly)
difícil (difficult) – difícilmente (with difficulty)
fácil (easy) – fácilmente (easily)
probable (probable) – probablemente (probably, likely)

Resolvió el problema ágilmente. – She solved the problem quickly.
Si no estudias probablemente no aprobarás el examen. – If you do not study it is likely that you do not pass the exam.

Useful Basic Grammar: Adverbs in Spanish Language - By Wlingua
By: Pedro Ribeiro Simões

In order to learn more about this lexical category, you can visit this article, and get familiar with some more examples of adverbs in Spanish language.

Learning grammar and its rules is very important for foreign language students. If you want to continue learning Spanish language on-line, do not miss our course, where you can find all you need to master your skills.